This time of year, many Oregonians head outdoors to look for the antlers that have been shed by the state’s male deer and elk. Deer usually shed theirs from late December through March, and elk from late February through early April.
But this time period is also a critical one for big game, when animals are at their most vulnerable because there is less food available. Shed hunters using motor vehicles can put wildlife on the move when these animals need to be conserving energy. Even people on foot or horseback can disturb animals. For this reason, some parts of the state known to serve as winter range for big game are closed or have motor vehicle restrictions in late winter and early spring.
Sgt. Randy Hand, Oregon State Police, Klamath Falls says road closure violations can be a problem this time of year. “In the past, we have had folks off-roading in winter range in their quest to find antlers,” said Sgt. Hand. “Protecting winter range is a high priority this time of year and we are looking for violators.”
Shed hunters can take the following steps to protect big game while enjoying their sport:
- Don’t disturb big game animals: Don’t approach animals or follow the same ones on a daily basis.
- Respect road and area closures. These are in place to protect winter range and wintering big game. (More information on specific closures below.)
- Don’t take vehicles off-roading. The ground is water-logged at this time of year and off-roading in the wrong place can damage critical wildlife and fish habitat. Travel by foot or horseback instead.
- Don’t be in the same spot every day. Deer and elk might need to be in that spot for food or cover, and your presence will keep them from it.
- Keep dogs under your control. Don’t let dogs approach or follow wildlife. State law prohibits dogs (and people) from harassing wildlife. (OAR 498.102 and 498.006)
- Don’t trespass on private property. You always need permission to be on private land.
All about antlers
Antlers are the fastest-growing bone that isn’t cancerous or prenatal. Antlers on deer can grow at a rate up to seven times that of skeletal growth. Elk antlers can weigh 30-40 pounds.
Elk antlers begin re-growing soon after they are shed, with most growth happening in spring and summer months. The antlers are covered by “velvet” throughout this growth period, before hardening to bone in late July-early August for elk and late August-early September for deer. This makes antlers ready in time for breeding season (in September for elk and November for deer), when male deer or elk will fight for dominance using their antlers.
People who collect shed antlers are allowed to sell or exchange them, but certain rules apply. Only naturally shed antlers, antlers detached from the skull, or a skull split apart can be sold or exchanged.
Past poaching problems led to the regulations. Skulls that are split have less value and are not eligible for record books. These regulations reduce the incentive for someone to kill animals on winter range or out of season, hide the skull, and go back months later and “find it”. A Hide/Antler Dealer permit ($17) is needed to purchase antlers for use in the manufacture of handcrafted items.
Road closures and other regulations
Several ODFW managed wildlife areas and Travel Management Areas are closed during the winter to protect big game on winter range. See page 98-100 of the Oregon Big Game Regulations for more information.
Wildlife Area closures include:
- Phillip W Schneider Wildlife Area (Dayville): Closed to public access Feb. 1 - April 14, some roads closed seasonally from Dec. 1-April 14.
- Elkhorn Wildlife Area (Baker and Union Counties): Closed to public access Dec. 1 -April 10.
- Bridge Creek Wildlife Area (near Ukiah): Closed to public access Dec. 1 - April 14.
- Jewell Meadows Wildlife Area (Clatsop County): Refuge and area closures apply.
- Ladd Marsh Wildlife Area (La Grande): Lands west of Foothill Road closed to entry Feb. 1 - March 31.
- Prineville Reservoir Wildlife Area (Maury and Ochoco Units): Closed to motorized vehicle access Nov. 15 or Dec. 1-April 15.
- White River Wildlife Area (Wamic): Road closures and restrictions.
- Lost River Winter Range (Klamath Falls Unit): Closed to motor vehicle use Dec. 1 – April 15.
- Bryant Mt (Klamath Falls Unit): Closed to motor vehicle use Nov. 1 - April 15.
- Tumalo Winter Range (Upper Deschutes Unit): Closed to all motor vehicle use Dec. 1 - March 31.
- Cabin Lake-Silver Lake Winter Range (Paulina, Silver Lake, Fort Rock Units): Closed to motor vehicle use Dec. 1 - March 31.
- Metolius Winter Range (Metolius Unit): Closed to motor vehicle use Dec. 1 - March 31.
- Starkey Experimental Forest Enclosure (Starkey Unit): Closed to all public entry Nov. 15 - April 30.
- Spring Creek Winter Range (Starkey Unit): Closed to all motor vehicle use Dec. 15 - April 30.
- McCarty Winter Range (Starkey Unit): Closed to all motor vehicle use Dec. 15 - March 31.